Diagnosis & Treatment | Urinary Incontinence
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Diagnosis & Treatment - Overview


The first step is to see your doctor for a complete exam. Through a series of questions he or she will be able to determine what your bladder problems may be, for example:

  • How many times a day do you urinate?
  • Are you having problems holding your urine?
  • How often do you get up at night to urinate?
  • Do you lose urine when you don’t want to?
  • Do you leak urine when you cough, sneeze, laugh or lift heavy objects?
  • Do you have to strain to urinate?
  • Do you often experience urinary tract infections?
  • Do you find it difficult to start urinating or have a slow, weak urinary stream?
  • Do you feel that you are not completely emptying when you urinate?
  • Do you have constant dribbling of urine?
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Symptom Checklist
Help your doctor by keeping a
Bladder Diary
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Once you understand the reason for your incontinence, the choice of what to do about, and how to treat your incontinence it is up to you. Most professionals suggest that their patients first try a form of treatment other than the use of medication or surgery. Here's a list of some healthy bladder habits:

  • Avoid bladder irritants (e.g. caffeinated beverages and alcohol)
  • Eat more fibre to avoid constipation
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Stay active and mobile
  • Don’t smoke
  • Empty your bladder every three to four hours during the day and before going to sleep
  • Drink moderate amounts of fluid (six to eight glasses per day)
  • Talk to your doctor about urine loss or other bladder symptoms. There’s no reason to wait!

Learn more about professional treatment options

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